What is Azoospermia?
Absence of sperm is semen sample, it is called azoospermia. Azoospermia can either be obstructive or non-obstructive. Almost 1% of the total men population suffer from Azoospermia.
How Azoospermia is diagnosed?
Semen analysis is done in two occasions at least one month apart. Semen sample has to be centrifuges before semen analysis.
Causes of Azoospermia.
Infection in male genital track
Ejaculatory duct obstruction
Y-Chromosome micro deletion
Sperm maturation arrest
Radio therapy, Chemo therapy
Low hormone production (Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism)
Drug induced (testosterone, narcotics)
Azoospemia, What next?
General Blood test
TRUS (Transrectal Ultrasound)
FNAC of testis
What are the treatment for Azoospermia?
TESA (testicular sperm aspiration)
TESE (testicular sperm extraction)
Micro TESE (microscopic sperm extraction)
Azoospermia Success rate.
70% pregnancy rate with ICSI.