A cyst is a closed sac-like structure that occurs within the tissue. It can affect any part of the body. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that often develop within or on the surface of the ovary. In majority of the cases, these cysts are painless and cause no symptoms of disease. However, ovarian cysts that have ruptured may lead to some serious problems. The best way to prevent their occurrence is to schedule regular pelvic examinations. But, before undergoing any diagnosis, it is important to know and recognize the ovarian cyst symptoms to avoid the occurrence of a disorder beforehand.
Symptoms of ovarian cysts
Majority of ovarian cysts go away on their own without causing any symptoms. But in extreme cases, large ovarian cysts can cause abdominal discomforts.
Some other symptoms of ovarian cysts, if present in a severe form, include:
- Pelvic pain that triggers shortly right after period begins or before it ends
- A dull ache or pelvic pain that may radiate to thighs and lower back
- Pelvic pain during bowel movements (cysts causes pressure on bowels)
- Vomiting, nausea, or breast tenderness
- Pelvic pain during intercourse, also termed as dyspareunia
- Feeling of heaviness or fullness in abdomen
- Pressure on bladder causing the urge to urinate more frequently
- Difficulty in emptying bladder
Different cysts and their causes
Ovarian cysts that develop even during the normal functioning of menstrual cycle are called functional cysts. Other less common cysts may form due to bleeding within the tissues.
Luteal ovarian cysts
When the egg is released from the body, it leaves behind tissue (corpus luteum). This leads to the occurrence of Luteal cysts that develops when corpus luteum fills with blood.
Dermoid cysts or cystic teratomas are usually benign. They develop from primary oocytes (totipotential germ cells). Dermoid cyst comprises of hair, bone, skin, and other tissues. These types of cysts can develop in any direction as they are formed from cells that make eggs. Once diagnosed, these cysts need to be removed with either laparoscopy or conventional surgery.
Endometriomas cysts develop as a result of endometriosis. Endometriosis is a disorder in which uterine endometrial cells grow outside the uterus. Some of the endometrial tissue may attach to the ovary and form an estrogen-dependent endometrioma cyst.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a rare condition that leads to the formation of small, harmless cysts on the ovaries. Cysts may also occur as a result of altered hormone levels in the female body.
Ovarian cysts diagnosis and treatment at Ishwarya
At Ishwarya, we recommend our patients to undergo a pelvic examination or an ultrasound test before considering any cystic treatment. We use these diagnostic procedures to effectively identify the severity of the cysts before advising on a treatment method. We also provide other imaging tests to identify ovarian cysts:
- CT scan
- Doppler flow studies
At Ishwarya, we offer certain diagnostic blood tests to detect ovarian cysts. These are:
- Pregnancy test (Serum HCG)
- Testosterone test
As discussed above, functional cysts may vanish on their own without any treatment. They usually go away within 8-12 weeks of their occurrence. For patients who are dealing with frequent cysts, our practitioners and gynecologists prescribe oral contraceptives (birth control pills). These medicines reduce the risks of the formation of new ovarian cysts.
To prevent ovarian cancer, surgical methods are used to remove ovarian cysts permanently. We offer two types of surgeries for ovarian cysts:
- Exploratory laparotomy
- Pelvic laparoscopy
Our surgery procedures are effective in treating:
- Cysts that are regularly causing symptoms and not going away
- Complex ovarian cysts occurring frequently
- Cysts occurring in women who are menopausal or near menopause
- Simple ovarian cysts that measure more than 5-10 centimeters in size
Our doctors may also recommend several other treatments if the patient is suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome or some other disorder that is causing the formation of cysts.
We advise all our patients to get in touch with us as soon as they encounter complications with their reproductive cycle. You should get in touch with us directly if:
- You encounter any syndrome related to ovarian cyst
- You are suffering from severe pain
- You are bleeding abnormally
- You are loosing appetite after short meal
- You are losing weight constantly
At Ishwarya infertility treatment clinic, we aim to inspire hope and contribute to the wellness of our patients by providing best care through accomplished clinical practice. We nurture the well-being of our patients with special attention given to their physical and emotional needs.