Endometriosis is a condition in which the endometrial tissue is developed outside the uterus. In normal cases, this endometrium tissue lines the inside of the womb. In endometriosis, however, this tissue is found trapped between the pelvic area and the lower tummy. In some cases, it may also be found entangled with other parts of the body. Many women face endometriosis without any symptoms or symptoms that are hard to be diagnosed. But, some normal causes and symptoms can easily be detected for this condition.
Causes and Symptoms
The reason of the occurrence of endometriosis is not well-understood. Hereditary factor plays an important role and in most of the cases, endometrial cells are present outside the uterus from birth. Several other possible causes of endometriosis are:
- Embryonic cell growth- the cells that line abdominal and pelvic cavities emerge from embryonic cells. It is believed that endometrial cells may develop when one or more small areas of the abdominal lining get converted into endometrial tissues and lead to endometriosis.
- Retrograde menstruation- this is perhaps the most likely explanation for endometriosis. In this condition, the menstrual blood with endometrial cells flow back through the fallopian tubes and into the pelvic cavity rather than going outside the body. The displaced endometrial cells stick to the pelvic walls and the pelvic organ surface. There, they grow and continue to thicken and bleed during each menstrual cycle.
- Endometrial cells transport- in this case, blood vessels or tissue fluid transports endometrial cells to other cells of the body, leading to endometriosis.
- Surgical scar implantation- after a surgery where C-section or hysterectomy is included, endometrial cells may get attached to the other parts of the body and cause endometriosis.
- Immune system disorders- a problem with the immune system may cause the body to evade the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus.
It is believed that the patches of endometriosis tend to be sticky in nature and may join organs to each other. This is called adhesion in medical terms. For example, the bladder or bowl may stick to the uterus. In severe cases, large patches of endometriosis may form cysts which bleed every month during menstruation. These cysts may fill with blood and lead to the formation of ‘chocolate cysts’ making the condition worse. This calls for a treatment to be initiated quickly.
The treatment at Ishwarya
There is no permanent cure for endometriosis, but, if accurately diagnosed, the disease can be managed with various treatments. At Ishwarya Infertility Clinic, we treat your endometriosis through some effective treatment methods:
- Drugs and medicines– in the initial stage of endometriosis, our doctors prescribe anti-inflammatory medications. This helps relieve the pain cramps that occur during menstrual cycle.
- Laparoscopic surgery– if the disease is in its advanced stage, minimal invasive surgery helps to a great extent. At Ishwarya, we conduct key-hole surgery to remove endometric tissue from the body. We make sure that no harm is done to ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus. In some cases, ovaries get damaged due to infection, further hampering the possibility of the woman to have children. In such scenarios, our skilled infertility specialists take help of assisted reproductive techniques to bring about pregnancy in women. Our assisted reproductive techniques like IVF and IUI have come to the rescue of several couples.
- Hormone therapy– when drugs don’t work, we advise our patients to undergo a hormone therapy. We initiate this treatment procedure by prescribing oral contraceptive pills to the patient. These pills help control the production of hormones responsible for the build up of endometrial tissue. In some cases, we also inject Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone Analogue (GnRHA) that blocks the production of ovarian-stimulating hormones. This method induces a state of pseudo-menopause and thus reduces the rate of proliferation of the endometrial cells. Furthermore, this treatment reduces the symptoms of pain. If a woman wants to have a baby, the hormonal therapy could be stopped and her ability to conceive will come back.
- Hysterectomy– in cases where the disease is too severe and the woman is already having children, hysterectomy is advised. This treatment process is used to completely remove the uterus and the ovary. Hysterectomy is considered as the last option for women who are still in their reproductive years. A woman can’t get pregnant after hysterectomy.
If you are all set to treat your endometriosis, finding a reliable and helpful doctor becomes unavoidable. Doctors and specialists at Ishwarya understand your situation and provide supportive medical guidance and treatment procedures. Our team works diligently to provide not just endometriosis treatments but a full spectrum of Assisted Reproductive Technologies as well. We provide infertility treatments in a caring environment, where attention is always given to personal attention, accessibility, technological excellence, and emotional support.