Male infertility is the inability of a male to impregnate a woman. Infertility has long been thought of as a problem in female reproductive system, but as it turns out, men also face infertility problems. The most common cause of this syndrome is the low sperm count. A study suggests that one out of every three infertility case occurs because of the male partner.
Signs and symptoms
The main symptom of male infertility is the inability to conceive a child. Some other signs and symptoms of male infertility may include:
- Difficulty in ejaculating,
- Reduced sexual desires
- Difficulty in maintaining errection
- Recurrent respiratory tract infections
- Swelling, or pain in the testicle area
- Having lower sperm count (fewer than 15 million sperm per millimeter of a semen is said to be abnormal or reduced sperm count)
- Indications of a chromosomal or hormonal abnormality
In certain cases, an underlying problem such as hormonal imbalance, blockage of sperm passage, inherited disorder, or dilated veins may cause signs and symptoms of male infertility.
Common causes of male infertility
Most often, the problem of male infertility lies in the process of sperm production or its transfer from male to the female reproductive system. Furthermore, following factors may contribute to low sperm count in men:
- Undescended testicles
- Testicle infection (orchitis)
- Prostate infection (prostatis)
- Variocele (an abnormal condition in which veins bulge about above the testicles)
- Cancer chemotherapy
- Use of anabolic steroids, or anti-seizure medicines
- Hormone problems
- Hereditary disorders
- Blockage of sperm transport
- Low sperm count and motility
Sometimes, it becomes difficult for men to move the sperm to a desired destination. Men with this problem have normal sperm count in testicles, but low sperm count in the semen. Causes of this type of male infertility include:
- Absence of vas deferens (vas deferens is the main sperm pipeline of the male reproductive part)
- Retrograde ejaculation: in this condition, male sperm semen ejaculates backwards. It goes into the bladder instead of ejaculating out of the penis.
- Obstruction of testicles or penis
- Use of anti-sperm antibodies that may attack man’s sperm on their way back to the egg.
Apart from these causes, up to 25% of men face abnormal or low sperm count due to unexplained reasons.
As obvious, the ultimate goal of treating male infertility is to bring about the pregnancy. At Ishwarya Infertility Treatment Center, we offer a variety of male infertility treatments that may increase the chances of pregnancy in a female. We offer the most common types of infertility treatments for males, including:
- Varicoceles surgery- in this method, Varicoceles is repaired with surgical operation to block off the abnormal veins present in the male reproductive part. This method is an effective way to repair male infertility.
- Correcting obstructions- in this method, obstructions in the sperm transport plumbing are corrected with the help of surgery.
- Treating hormonal abnormalities- hormonal abnormalities can be treated with the help of prescribed medicines or surgery.
- Treating various factors associated with low sperm count / motility
In the past, if these methods didn’t work, it means infertility for lifetime. However, we at Ishwarya have leveraged the new bio technological tools to treat most obstinate infertility conditions. Our Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ARTs) offer some powerful options to treat male infertility. Our experienced practitioners use high-tech instruments to give male sperm an artificial boost to enter into the female egg. Our ART procedures have made conception possible for majority of males with low or abnormal sperm count.
First of all, the male sperm is collected at our clinic. They are either made to ejaculate or are extracted from the testicles with the help of a needle. After this, they are introduced in the eggs using different techniques like:
We also make use of ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) to increase the sperm count of male sperm. In this technique, we inject a single sperm cell into the egg, offering a wonderful fertilization rate of 90%. For people who are suffering from azoospermia, at least one sperm cell can be retrieved surgically. We extract the sperm using microtubes to provide you with a good chance of conception. Our ICSI procedure provides a realistic chance to even the most severe infertility cases.
Apart from effective male infertility treatments, we also provide counseling to all our patients. Our counseling meetings can be arranged for both individuals and couples. Ishwarya considers counseling to be a key element before undergoing any infertility treatment. We also provide counseling in the cases of egg or sperm donation. We are always available for support counseling and guidance on treatment procedures.
Our patient care
At Ishwarya, we recognize that fertility treatment can be a difficult time for patients. Keeping this in mind, we aim at providing high-quality care to our patients throughout their treatment. Our patient coordinators and infertility specialists will provide you with tailored services which will enable you to keep calm and stay relaxed through every step of the way.
Our team of consultants is always prepared to hear your infertility problems. Get in touch with our hospitals at chennai, coimbatore, madurai and palani and start your journey of parenting. Contact us now!